By Ben Olson
Is there any more pleasant sight than flocks of migrating birds taking wing and flying overhead in magnificent V-shaped formations, bound for their wintertime southern climates? Yet, not every species leaves when the weather turns cold in North Idaho and northwestern Montana. Many stick it out, wintering around the lake and mountains, providing an excellent opportunity for an activity that is gaining in popularity: winter birding.
According to Brian Baxter, a field ornithologist who instructs tracking and birding classes for the Friends of Scotchman Peaks Wilderness, migratory birds, like people, will stay the winter if they can sustain their food supply and stay safe.
“Winter birding can be both a complex and very rewarding experience,” Baxter said. “Birds are by necessity adaptive, and will change diet, find shelter in or excavate their own tree cavities, cache food, congregate in mini flocks, fluff out feathers to stay warm, move locations, burrow under snow and change daily and evening patterns. When we learn how to detect these behaviors, a whole new birding world unfolds.”
Local birders have established several locations around the region where ample opportunities exist to observe a wide variety of species, from waterfowls to raptors. Prevalent species present in North Idaho and northwest Montana during winter include raptors like rough-legged hawks, northern hawk owls, northern pygmy owls, great horned owls and boreal owls, along with bald eagles and hawks. Waterfowl such as tundra swans, common and Barrow’s goldeneye ducks, common and hooded mergansers and some Canada geese and great blue heron also hang around over winter.
The tap-tap-tap of woodpeckers such as downy and hairy woodpeckers, red-shafted flickers and pileated woodpeckers can be heard across the winter forest; and, finally, songbirds like chickadees, juncos, waxwings and golden crowned kinglets can be observed flitting from branch to branch, filling the muffled outdoors with their songs.
Baxter’s preferred locations to observe many of the abovementioned species in North Idaho are the Lake Pend Oreille wildlife management areas, Pack River, Round Lake and the Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge. In northwestern Montana, hotspots include the Kootenai River near Libby and up to the dam, the Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge and Glacier National Park.
Baxter said because we live on the migration path for many different species, we are occasionally able to view birds in motion, even during the wintertime.
“We do have some species that are in irruptive semi-migration status that may migrate in phases according to weather, food sources, shelter availability and predator pressure levels,” Baxter said.
Other species, such as the boreal owl, are winter residents that generally prefer elevations of 3,700 to 5,300 feet on north and east aspects, making a sighting a rare and beautiful thing to even the most experienced winter birder.
For Sandpoint bird enthusiast Rich Del Carlo, who regularly leads birding outings such as the annual Christmas Bird Count hosted by the Audubon Society, birding is a year-round activity.
“Once you get into birding, it opens up a whole other world to you,” Del Carlo said. “When you’re birding you’re really just present, in the moment with nature, so it’s a very gratifying experience.”
Del Carlo — who loves birds so much he named his tree removal and landscaping business Peregrine Tree & Landscape after the falcon — recommends Sunnyside Road, Denton Slough and the Clark Fork Delta as great locations to observe waterfowl.
“You’ll also see eagles and hawks chasing some of those birds,” he added.
Those interested in participating in an instructor-led birding outing can contact Baxter or Friends of Scotchman Peaks Wilderness to sign up for their numerous winter birding classes held in the region.
For those interested in setting out on their own, Baxter recommends a few vital supplies while foraying out into the winter wilderness to watch birds.
“You’ll want a good set of binoculars, at least 7 x 35 or 10 x 42 power,” Baxter said. “Also spotting scopes, field notebook, field guide to birding, pencils, tape measure to identify bird tracks, sunglasses and sunscreen.”
For Del Carlo, birding is the perfect activity for anyone seeking communion with nature — not just because it’s fun, but because it broadens our perspective on the natural world.
“The more awareness people have of the world around them, the more likely there is to respect it and honor it,” Del Carlo said.
For more information about instructor-led classes, contact Brian Baxter, 406-291-2154 or email [email protected].
Winter Birding Classes hosted by Brian Baxter, Friends of Scotchman Peaks Wilderness:
All sessions take place at 8 a.m. (9 a.m. MST) in Libby, Mont.
• Saturday, Jan. 11; Mammal and Bird Tracking.
• Saturday, Feb. 8; Winter Ecology and the Study of Aerial and Terrestrial Predator/Prey Relationships.
• Saturday, Feb. 29 and Sunday, March 1; two-day program: Winter Foray ó Fur, Feathers, Flora and Fauna.
• Saturday, March 28; Late Winter/Early Spring Birding.
*Most classes end around 3 p.m.
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